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BUDA stands for BRIGHT UNIVERSAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION. The Association is working for sustainable development of the grassroots communities in Kagera region.

Kagera Region is situated in the northwestern corner of Tanzania. The regional capital is Bukoba Municipal, which is about 1,500 km from Dar Es Salaam by road. Kagera Region shares borders with Uganda to the North, Rwanda and Burundi to the West, the Kigoma and Mwanza Regions to the South and Lake Victoria to the East.

 Kagera Region covers a total area of 40,838 sq. km. Out of the total area, 28,953 sq. km. is land and 11,885 sq. km. is covered by waters of Lake Victoria, Lakes Ikimba, Burigi, and Ngono and Kagera rivers. Kagera region is Tanzania’s 15th largest region and accounts for approximately 3.2% of the total 883,749 sq. km. land area of Tanzania. Kagera lies at 3,750 feet above Sea level. It has reasonably fertile old soils but over used in some parts of the region has lead to soil exhaustion and a need for the use of fertilizer.




The self sustaining lifestyle of the people is being destroyed by continuous degradation of their natural environment and habitat due to changes in agricultural practices with no regard for soil or moisture conservation and uncontrolled exploitation of ground water.


Some area no longer grows its basic food needs.  There is a dependency on commercial/cash crops and chemical fertilisers.  Moreover, the traditional water harvesting systems have not been preserved.  The Common lands (both Revenue and Forest lands) have been and are still being destroyed by uncontrolled cutting of trees for making charcoal used in homes, overgrazing, fire, etc.


The Common people own small pieces of fragmented, degraded, dry stony lands. The main occupation of a majority of the people is agriculture labour and marginal farming.  Their survival, especially during drought and lean seasons, is threatened almost irreversibly by the rapid degeneration of the environment. 


These problems are also linked to the fact that the village communities lack the skills and resources to act on these problems.  Natural/common resources are not seen as common resource/property but government property.  The socially and economically marginalised poor, especially women, are not involved in planning or implementation of Government programmes.  Lack of control over resources, literacy, etc lead to further marginalisation of the poor.  Subsequently, their role in the existing local bodies is of no consequence. 


The worst sufferers are of course the Common people. The family systems/relationships have changed with the advent of cash economy.


The literacy rate in interior villages is low.  Though the government has set up primary schools, they are understaffed and lack basic minimum facilities, they also lack the will to provide children a learning experience and give them the required assistance in life. 


Children are also unable to attend schools due to economic reasons, as they have to contribute to the family income at a tender age.  Youths have no any assistance regarding on vocational skills and income generation progrmmes for them, they are iddle and engaging themselves in marjuana/bhangi smoking. I have witnessed a  youth at the age of 27 years slaughted her mother by seperating the head from the body due exccessive smoking of marjuan in Bukoba Rural Area in Kagera region.


Safe drinking water, nutritious food, clean surroundings, proper sanitation and waste disposal facilities are non-existent.  The Primary Health Centres set up by the government lack basic minimum facilities and are not easily accessible.

2.1.      The Response of Bright Universal Development Association:


The Association was formed  to respond to this situation with the following focus:


Rejuvenation of village communities by means of organising the common people to take responsibllity of village development;

Regeneration of  the natural resources by organising the common people to manage their own natural resources;

Revitalisation of cosmologies and sustainable life styles by encouraging the common people to talk about their old stories and do their cultural art forms;

Organisation and Empowerment of women by means of setting up an alternative banking system, learning to start and control small business for income generation, talk about issues that pertain to women and their problems in particular;

Creation of Youth Centres for Youths so that they can be trained in different disciplines of skills like carpentry, Bricks making, Welding, Electronics Equipments repair, Computer application, Computer repair, Computer networking, Agricultural projects and animal husbandry by means of alternative learning systems; and

Creation of Primary Health Care Centers so that the common people who are living in remote areas can get primary health services easier


All these  with the hope that they can be of inspiration to others



MR.Nyikirira Kachene          MR.Maadhi A.Rutajwaa
is BUDA Secretary General  is BUDA Chairman        
Secretary General,
P.o.Box 910,
Mobile Phone:0748648061
P.o.Box 910,
Bukoba, Tanzania.
Mobile:0748796084 or


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Bright Universal Development Association